DNA and Protein Synthesis Unit Plam

Unit Plan #8: Level 2 Biology F block Mrs. Wissler/Mr. Germain 3/16/17 – 4/11/17
Academic Goals:
MCAS 3.1 Describe the basic structure (double helix, sugar/phosphate backbone, linked by complementary nucleotide pairs) of DNA, and describe its function in genetic inheritance.
MCAS 3.2 Describe the basic process of DNA replication and how it relates to the transmission and conservation of the genetic code. Explain the basic processes of transcription and translation, and how they result in the expression of genes. Distinguish among the end products of replication, transcription, and translation.
MCAS 3.3 Explain how mutations in the DNA sequence of a gene may or may not result in phenotypic change in an organism. Explain how mutations in gametes may result in phenotypic changes in offspring.
Learning Objectives:
  1. Describe the relationship between DNA, nucleotide, gene, and chromosome.
  2. Discuss and document the role of nucleic acids is to conserve, transcribe and translate the genetic code
    for the purpose of building essential proteins.
  3. Label the parts of a nucleotide.
  4. Label the parts of the DNA double helix and explain the concept of complementary base pairing.
  5. Describe the process of DNA replication and its role in transmission of the genetic code.
  6. Describe transcription, the process of making mRNA from the instructions in DNA.
  7. Describe the role of the ribosome and tRNA in the process of translation, the synthesis of proteins.
  8. Compare and contrast the roles of mRNA, tRNA, and rRNA in gene expression.
  9. Define mutations and examine their impact on protein synthesis.
  10. Recognize the role of mutations in certain human disorders.
  11. Perform gel electrophoresis to determine the presence of mutations. (as scheduled)
Thursday 3/16/17
Ø Meiosis and Mitosis Quiz Ø DNA Guided Reading
Homework: Complete guided reading and questions

Monday 3/20/17
Ø Lecture notes on DNA structures
Ø DNA Model building pipe cleaners
Ø Vocabulary: nucleotide, phosphate group, nitrogenous base, deoxyribose sugar, double helix, base pairing
Homework: DNA structure worksheet 

Tuesday 3/21 ELA MCAS

Wednesday 3/22/17 ELA MCAS Homework: Rest Up for MCAS!

Thursday 3/23/16 ELA MCAS

Friday 3/24/17
Ø Warm Up: DNA structure
Ø DNA structure video clips: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_POdWsii7AI&t=331s Ø DNA replication notes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5qSrmeiWsuc&t=14s
Ø DNA replication: coloring sheet or Pipe cleaner extension
Homework: Complete Quiz Study Guide/Study for DNA Structure and Replication Quiz

Tuesday 3/28/17
Ø Brief Review of DNA and Replication: Quizlet Ø DNA and Replication Quiz
Ø The Big Picture - Protein Synthesis Overview
o DNA mRNA tRNA Ø Central Dogma Graphic Organizer
Homework: To be determined

Thursday 3/30/17
Ø Transcription Drawing
Ø Notes: Differences between DNA and RNA Ø Graphic Organizer: DNA and RNA
Homework: To be determined

Monday 4/3/17
Ø Warm Up: Transcription and mRNA Ø Notes: Translation
Ø Translation Labeling and Modeling
Homework: Protein Synthesis Worksheet

Wednesday 4/5/17
Ø Introduction to Genetic Code and Amino Acids Ø Reading the mRNA charts
Ø Introduction to Mutations
Homework: Replication, Transcription and Translation Review Front side

Friday 4/7/17
Ø Test Review Activities and Study Guide
Homework: Study for Unit Test (including finishing the study guide)

Tuesday 4/11/17
DNA and Protein Synthesis Unit Test

Essential Question: How does the basic mechanism of genetics play a role in mutations and diversity of organisms?
Central Concepts: Genes allow for the storage and transmission of genetic information. They are a set of instructions encoded in the nucleotide sequence of each organism. Genes code for the specific sequences of amino acids that comprise the proteins characteristic to that organism.